Eligibility: LAEA s.47
A person is eligible to vote in a municipal election if the person:
- is at least 18 years of age;
- is a Canadian Citizen; and
- resides in Alberta and the person’s place of residence is located in the local jurisdiction on election day.
Rules of Residence: LAEA s.48
Residence is governed by the following rules:
- A person may be a resident of only one place at a time for the purposes of voting.
- If a person has more than one residence in Alberta, they must designate one place of residence as their permanent residence.
- A residence is the place where the person lives and sleeps and where they intend to return following an absence.
- A person does not lose the person’s residence by leaving the person’s home for
a temporary purpose.
A student who attends an educational institution within or outside of Alberta, temporarily rents accommodation for the purpose of attending an education institution, and has family members who are resident in Alberta and the student resides with them when not attending an education institution, are deemed to reside with those family members.
A person will lose their place of residence if they leave without the intention of returning to their residence within the area.
To help to determine a person’s place of residence, the following can be used in
order of priority:
- the address shown on the person’s driver’s license issued on behalf of the
Government of Alberta or an identification card issued on behalf of the
Government of Alberta;
- the address to which the person’s income tax correspondence is addressed and
- the address to which the person’s mail is addressed and delivered.
Proof of Elector Eligibility: LAEA s.53
Every person who arrives and attends a voting station must be permitted to vote if:
- the person’s name appears on the list of electors (if applicable), or
- the person
- makes a statement in the presence of an officer at the voting station, in the
prescribed form (Form 13 – Voting Register); and
- produces for inspection proof of identity and current residence, and where a
bylaw has been passed under section 53.01, age.
Identification that will be accepted includes the following:
- by producing the number and types of identification required by a bylaw passed
under section 53.01, or
- by producing one of the following:
- one piece of identification issued by a Canadian Government (federal, provincial or local), or an agency of that government, that contains a photograph of the elector and his/her name and the address of the person’s residence;
- one piece of identification authorized by the Chief Electoral Office under the
Alberta Election Act that establishes the elector’s name and current address.
If a voter’s identification shows a post office box number as the address instead of a
residential or legal address, it can be accepted as verification of current address if it
is in reasonable distance to the voting jurisdiction.
Vouching: LAEA s.53(4) – s.53(8)
If a voter does not have acceptable identification, but is accompanied by another voter who is entitled to vote at the same polling place and has the appropriate identification, the voter can be vouched for by that individual using the prescribed form (Form 14 – Statement of Voucher – available on Alberta.ca). The statement sets out that:
- the elector knows the person;
- the elector knows the person resides at the address indicated in the person’s
- the elector has not been vouched for.
A voter with acceptable identification may only vouch for more than one person if
every person the elector vouches for shares the same place of residence.
Scrutineers are prohibited from vouching.
Elector Assistance: LAEA s.78
At the request of an elector who is unable to vote in the usual manner, the deputy
returning officer must mark the vote of the elector on the elector’s ballot in the
manner directed by the elector and must immediately deposit the ballot in the ballot
The deputy must ensure that prior to marking the elector’s ballot, the elector has completed the prescribed statement (Form 17 – Statement of Interpreter, Elector who is Unable to Vote in the Usual Manner, Friend or Relative of elector who is unable to Vote in the Usual Manner - available at Alberta.ca).
In the event that the elector is accompanied by a friend or relative who is at least 18
years of age, the deputy must permit that friend or relative to make the prescribed statement (Form 17 - Statement of Interpreter, Elector who is Unable to Vote in the Usual Manner, Friend or Relative of elector who is unable to Vote in the Usual Manner - available at Alberta.ca). The friend or relative can then accompany the elector into the voting compartment and assist with marking the elector’s ballot. Upon marking of the ballot, the ballot must then be delivered by the elector or the friend or relative, to the deputy returning officer responsible for the ballot box, and be deposited into the ballot box.
If an elector is blind and is not accompanied by a friend or relative, the elector may
request, no later than June 30 in the year of a general election, a blind voter template and instructions on the use of the template. If a request has been made, a municipality must pass a bylaw setting out the template (a municipality may choose to pass a bylaw even if no request has been made).
If an elector is unable to physically enter the voting compartment, the deputy
returning officer may set up a voting compartment for the elector elsewhere in the
voting station that the elector is able to attend.